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5 Skin Diseases Frequently Attacking Babies

Skin disease can affect anyone, whether male, female, adults, children and even babies. Because skin anatomy is very different from adults, infants are highly vulnerable age group of skin disorders.

According to Bernard Cohen, MD, director of the child's skin health sciences from Johns Hopkins Children's Center, the skin is an organ to act as a bulwark against the various elements that threaten the body from sunlight hinga bacteria.

In the first year, a baby will be very vulnerable to disruption because they are not perfect crust. Because it takes up to one year for the epidermis of the skin to grow rapidly and effectively.

In infants, the structure of the skin is thinner, weaker bonds between the cell and more subtle. Baby's skin pigment also has fewer, and unable to regulate temperature as well as children with older age or adults.

The emergence of redness and inflammation of the skin is one symptom of an allergic reaction in your baby's body. The following are some types of skin diseases which are common in infants:

1. Intertrigo   
Intertrigo refers to an inflammation of the folds of the body. It is usually located on the inner thighs, armpits, and the bottom of the breast or stomach. The folds of the skin appears red, itchy and cause pain if there is friction. Generally occurs in infants who are obese.
Cause: Can occur due to excessive moisture in the folds of the baby, who never get the air.
What to do: Wash the inside of your baby's folds of skin with water and apply a barrier cream of zinc oxide or petroleum jelly to protect baby's skin.

2. Prickly heat prickly heat
Or better known as miliaria, commonly occurs in the neck, face, back, or buttocks baby. Clinically miliari seen in the presence of reddish itchy skin so fussy baby, with tiny bubbles of watery.

Cause: The air was hot, humid weather, tight clothing and high infant activity can lead to prickly heat rash.
What to do: As much as possible avoid your baby from the temperature is too hot and give the clothes are loose. That way, the rash will look better in about 30 minutes.

3. Seborrhea
Seborrhea is an inflammation of the upper skin, causing scaling of the scalp, face, sometimes on other body parts like the back of the ears, neck, cheeks, and chest. The disease is most common in infants under 6 months of age. On the scalp, seborrhea looks like dandruff, or crusty yellow scales.

Cause: unknown.
What to do: Do ​​the traditional treatment by rubbing olive oil or baby oil on your baby's scalp, then brush gently.

4. Eczema
Eczema can appear anywhere on the body start from age 3 to 4 months, although very rarely found in the former use of diapers. Eczema is often called eczema, or dermatitis is a severe inflammation that causes the formation of small blisters or bubbles (vesicles) on the skin until it burst and discharge. More severe conditions, the disease can also cause the skin to turn red, ooze pus, and crust.

Cause: Anything can be a trigger infants prone to eczema (with a genetic predisposition or a history of allergy in the family). Each baby has eczema triggers are different. There are people who, after holding soap or detergent will feel itchy exceptional, some are caused by material or other household appliance.

What to do: The main goal of treatment is to relieve the itching to prevent infection. When the skin feels very dry and itchy, lotions and moisturizing creams are highly recommended to make your skin more moist. For more severe cases, consult with your physician about the use of steroid ointment to reduce inflammation.

5. Contact dermatitis 
Contact dermatitis is inflammation of the skin that occurs because the skin has been exposed to materials that irritate or cause allergic reactions. Contact dermatitis will cause a major rash, itching and burning.

Cause: If a rash occurs on your baby's entire body, then the soap or detergent may be one cause. If the chest and arms are exposed, the perpetrators could be from a dirty shirt.

What to do: In cases of mild and moderate, avoidance of irritants (irritant) and the use of creams containing hydrocortisone (a corticosteroid) can help reduce itching and redness in the skin. In severe cases, drugs taken and type of anti-inflammatory corticosteroids are needed to reduce inflammation and itching.Should be done prior consultation with your physician before using hydrocortisone creams or antihistamines.

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